Uncover the Topmost Mars Lander attempts to touchdown the Red planet to occupy the leading position in the Global Mars Exploration Community.
The Global Exploration of Mars has been a fascinating endeavor for next-generation space explorers. The planet has been explored by numerous Mars Landers, Rovers, and Orbital Spacecrafts. You can find numerous resources online which provide terrific information on Mars Missions and their updates. But, here we intend to deliver the Top 5 Renowned Mars Landing Attempts ever made in history. We are familiar with recent successful landers, but it is significant to their pioneers. Besides, the lessons and failures encountered by these landers have remained the key behind present successive landers. So, let us begin our discussion on the World’s First Martian Lander.
World’s First Mars Lander
The Soviet Union launched the World’s First Mars Landers Mission (Mars 2MV-3 No.1) on November 4, 1962. The lander was a part of the Soviet Mars program to touch down on the Red Planet, and the lander was classified under the Mars-Venus mission type of probe. With a mass of 890 kilograms, the lander is considered the fourth heaviest lander among lander missions. However, due to a launch vehicle problem, the lander never left low earth orbit (LEO) and disintegrated on launch day. According to a scientific research paper entitled “Mars Missions Failure Report Assortment – Review and Conspectus,” the lander’s debris remained in LEO until January 19, 1963. Though the mission was a failure, it is considered the most renowned and first lander attempt ever made to Mars.
First Artificial Object to Reach Mars
The Mars 2 lander was the first artificial object to impact the red planet. It was Russia’s Second Landing attempt on Mars, and the third heaviest lander of all Mars Landers, weighing 1210 kilograms after Phobos Landers. In addition, one of the most remarkable aspects of this mission was that it carried a little 4.5-kilogram Prop-M Rover (The First Mars Rover), which was much beyond what technology imagined in the 1970s. On the other hand, the lander made a grand entry into Mars’ atmosphere before encountering a module malfunction that resulted in a steep descent and crash into the surface. The little rover was never able to deploy and remains in the storybook of Mars Exploration History.
The First Successful Mars Lander
The Viking 1 Lander is the most impressive historic landing conducted by a group of researchers at NASA. The Lander performed a successful touchdown at Chryse Planitia, exhibiting technological excellence compared to all Mars Landers. The Lander’s primary goal is to search for life and conduct biological experiments on the Martian surface. Viking Lander was the First American Martian Lander to perform the excellence in accomplishing the first interplanetary landing ever made in the history of Mars Missions. The fascinating truth about Viking landers was that all contemporary landers had used Viking era soft-landing technology for subsequent and successful touchdowns. However, the primary objective of inspecting life experiments was a failure. If you are an aerospace engineer reading this blog, you can learn a lot of technological concepts from this tech bot.
The Second Heaviest Mars Lander
In the history of Mars Landers Mission (MLM), the second heaviest lander is the Phobos lander weighing 2600 kilograms with a wide range of scientific instruments on board. The lander primarily investigates the Martian moons and the interplanetary environment between Earth and Mars. However, during the Mars transit, both landers had communication problems, making them lose communication from the ground. If you are interested in knowing more about Phobos Landers, we recommend studying the paper entitled “Brief History of Phobos Mission“
Heaviest of Heaviest Mars Lander Mission
After a series of landing mishaps, the Soviet Union aimed to reach Mars with the heaviest and most terrific lander called Mars 96. The name itself suggests that it was launched in 1996. Besides, Mars 96 is the heaviest of all the weightiest Mars landers, weighing 3159 kilograms. The lander was a part of the Soviet Mars Program to research Mars. However, a launcher malfunction caused the spacecraft to get stranded in low-Earth orbit, and it was eventually destroyed during re-entry. The most intriguing characteristic of this journey is that it carried 44 international instruments and a surface station equipped with a tiny penetrator. It is considered the first lander to take a more significant number of scientific equipment. If you are willing to explore and read more about Mars landers’ failure reports, we suggest reading the article on Mars Mission Failure Reports.
In concluding our discussion, we are happy and satisfied to provide a piece of new and valuable information to you. From our experience and research insight, we suggest participating or publishing your research papers on Mars at the world’s most reputed forum called AIAA SciTech Forum. Here you can interact with global researchers and scientific peers to enhance your skills and interest in space explorations. Want to become a part of the Global Mars Researcher’s Community? Grab this opportunity to submit your beautiful papers to the upcoming AIAA SciTech Forum.